07 Jul Why learning a second language pays off
The number of Brits learning a second language is declining
Statistics show that between the academic years 2007/08 and 2017/18, the number of students studying languages at universities in the UK fell by more than half. Meanwhile, figures from last year show that the number of school pupils in Scotland studying languages such as French and German has fallen sharply.
Another report from this year claims that foreign language learning UK-wide is at its lowest level in secondary schools since the turn of the millennium. Yet the irony is that more than half (53%) of adults in the UK reportedly wish they’d made the most of learning a language when they had the chance.
Granted, more universities are teaching French and German from scratch, but as younger brains tend to acquire new language more easily, it’s advantageous to start foreign language learning at school and stick at it, rather than stopping at the first available opportunity. Persist and you could reap rewards in due course…
Feel the benefits
Mastering a language can seriously boost your brain power by challenging your brain to recognise and negotiate meaning and communicate. Consequently, you’ll probably fare better in other problem-solving tasks.
Moreover, as you become more aware of language generally, and its structure, you’re likely to become a stronger communicator, and a sharper editor and writer in English, with an enhanced ear for listening and comprehending.
Which languages could earn me the most?
Languages can even be rewarding financially – a new report from research engine Adzuna shows that employers are prepared to pay handsomely for the right linguistic skills.
Having evaluated more than a million active job adverts, Adzuna found that, perhaps surprisingly, in term of average UK salaries for jobs citing second-language requirements, Swedish speakers were the most sought-after, with typical annual pay of almost £55,000.
Arabic yielded speakers typical salaries of just over £41,000 p.a. Dutch, in third place (with speakers typically earning just over £38,000), was followed closely by Mandarin and then German and Spanish, both of which have the potential to earn speakers annual salaries of around £35,000.
Clearly, the value placed on Mandarin and Arabic could well have something to do with the increasing importance of the Asian market in the light of Brexit. However, interestingly, when it comes to numbers of roles seeking secondary languages UK-wide, the picture looks rather different.
There were more than 15,000 openings for French speakers in the adverts that Adzuna surveyed, followed by nearly 8,900 for German linguists and 4,623 and 4,047 – respectively – for those with a command of Italian and Spanish. Dutch was also a ‘top five’ language, with just over 3,800 vacancies available for those who could speak it.
So, Brexit or not, it seems employers still place a high value on the languages of our closest European neighbours.
Keep up your languages this summer
While we’re all looking forward to the summer break, the weeks of holiday can take their toll on your mastery of French, German etc. if you’re not careful. So whether you’re visiting Europe or not, you’d be wise to take action to protect and expand your knowledge.
Clearly, if you’re holidaying in a country where the language you’re learning is spoken, grab every possible chance to speak, listen to and read the local lingo.
- Listen to the radio – the internet is your friend! Gone are the days when students of French had to crouch beside their radio, feverishly fiddling with the dial to find France Inter. In the 21st century, broadcasts in any language are available at the touch of a button online.
- Read newspapers, books and magazines – these are widely available online, and from many newsagents or your local library. How about setting a goal of reading in your target language for an hour a week? That’s not an unreasonable goal!
- Exchange emails with a native speaker and rekindle the great tradition of the European pen friend. Perhaps a family friend or your school could put you in touch with an online correspondent. For reasons of personal safety, it’s best to have a personal recommendation for your penpal.
- Meet a native speaker – consider setting up weekly meetings in a coffee shop with someone you know who speaks your chosen language. Then simply natter away! They may well be interested in a reciprocal arrangement whereby you can speak English to them during alternate sessions.
- Be a vocabulary vulture – try not to let your vocab slip. How about aiming to learn 10 or 20 new words every week this summer? These words will really add up over time, and you won’t believe the difference it makes to both your spoken and written skills. Little Post-It notes in your bedroom or by the bathroom mirror can help as an aide-memoire when learning new vocab.
- Translate for fun – this may sound rather odd as a ‘holiday fun’ idea, but try translating things into your target language, including a few newspaper paragraphs or some song lyrics. Also, if you’re on a bus or train trip or embarking on a long car journey, see how many items you can name in French, German or Spanish as you pass by!
Finally, if you can bear to take your grammar books down off the shelf and spend a mere ten or fifteen minutes a week brushing up on, for example, tenses, it will stand you in good stead come September. While all this might seem like a lot of effort, keep your eyes on the long-term prize of being more employable because you’ve mastered a second language (or two!).